Swami Vivekananda

Essay On Swami Vivekananda 

Swami Vivekananda, also known as Narendranath Datta, was an outstanding philosopher, religious person, and social reformer who was born on January 12, 1863, in Kolkata, India. His revolutionary views and teachings made a lasting impression on the globe. He became one of India’s most well-known spiritual figures and was instrumental in spreading Vedanta and Hindu philosophy’s core ideas around the globe. This paper will explore the biography of Swami Vivekananda, as well as his social achievements, intellectual decisions and overall impact.

Early Life and Spiritual Quest

A strong intellectual and spiritual propensity characterized Swami Vivekananda’s early years. Their parents performed an important part in creating him, notably his highly religious mother Bhubaneswari Devi, and his rationalist father Vishwanath Datta. Narendranath demonstrated a high level of intelligence and was interested in a wide range of topics, including philosophy, literature, and the arts.

His interest in spirituality was further sparked by his encounters with many spiritual authorities and thinkers as a young guy. A turning point in his life was when he first met Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, a famous mystic and his spiritual guide. Narendranath had a significant spiritual development and gained a deeper grasp of Hinduism and Vedanta under Ramakrishna’s education.

Essay On Swami Vivekananda In Hindi

Contributions to Society and Social Reforms:

Swami Vivekananda was not only a religious leader; he was also a passionate fighter for social change who worked to improve society’s weaker groups. He held that social progress and spiritual development were dependent on one another and that either could be achieved separately. His goals and initiatives were to address the ills of caste discrimination, being untouchable, and poverty that were plaguing Indian society at the time.

For women especially, Vivekananda highlighted the value of education and promoted the notion that it was the path to empowerment and progress. He held that how a society handled its most vulnerable individuals was the actual test of its progress. Through his writings and lectures, he worked to raise public awareness of social injustices and to promote peace and understanding among those of many religions and origins.

Global Impact and Legacies

The start of Swami Vivekananda’s global fame and recognition came with his trip to the West and his talks at the Parliament of Religions. He came to represent the spiritual knowledge of India and its capacity to accept modernity while retaining its rich cultural legacy. The teachings of Vivekananda have influenced many thinkers, researchers, and world leaders.

His impact reached other nations, including the United States and Europe, and went well beyond the borders of India. In order to carry out social and charity work with a focus on health care, education, and relief efforts, he formed the Ramakrishna Mission and Belur Math. The mission was essential in advancing the Vedanta message and helping mankind.

Greatest Works of Swami Vivekananda

One of his popular maxims is “Arise, awake, and do not stop until the goal is achieved.” In addition, he said that everything that weakens a child’s bodily, mental, or spiritual development should be avoided as poison. He also highlighted the need for a character-building education.

His founding of “Ramakrishna Math” and “Ramakrishna Mission” was a symbol of “Guru Bhakti,” his selflessness, austerity, and service to India’s underprivileged and needy. Belur Math was also founded by him.

He propagated the idea of god and the real meaning of the texts. Mother Earth’s greatest patriotic monk passed away in Belur Math on July 4, 1902.

Travel to Other Nation

Around May 31, 1893, Swami set off on his journey to the West, stopping at Nagasaki, Kobe, Yokohama, Osaka, Kyoto, and Tokyo along the route. He also traveled via China and Canada before landing in Chicago, Illinois, on July 30, 1893. The Gathering of Nations met here in September 1893.

Even though Vivekananda was always ready to take part, he was disappointed to learn that anybody who did not belong to an official organization would not be allowed to serve as a delegate. Vivekananda so met John Henry Wright, a professor at Harvard University, who extended an invitation for Vivekananda to lecture at the institution.

Philosophy of Swami Vivekananda

The philosophy of Swami Vivekananda combines many aspects of Hinduism, particularly traditional Yoga, and the Vedas, with modern Western concepts and secular humanism. Vivekananda was influenced by the Brahmo Society, western communitarianism, and occultism, as well as by his master Ramakrishna, who considered the Real and nominal truths as equivalent or near components of the same holistic truth.

Vivekananda was influenced by numerous ideas, such as equality, which he learned from a Unitarian missionary who worked with the Brahmo Samaj, while mixing and supporting other streams of Hindu philosophy, most specifically traditional Yoga and Vedas.

First visit to the West (1893–1897)

On May 31, 1893, Swami Vivekananda traveled to the West. Before arriving in the US, he passed through a number of cities in Japan, China, and Canada. His final stop was Chicago, where the “Parliament of Religions” was to be held in September 1893. Charles C. Bonney, a Swedenborgian layman, and judge of the Illinois Supreme Court, founded the Congress with the intention of bringing together leaders of all global faiths to highlight their similarities in fostering good actions and holy life.

Vivekananda was disappointed to find that only delegates with credentials from a legitimate organization could participate. Professor John Henry Wright of Harvard University, who had asked him to speak there, offered him assistance since he was determined to take part in the event. The professor thought that the Parliament of Religions would be a great venue to present Vivekananda to the country.

Vivekananda put in an application to join the ancient Sannyasin order formed by Sankara in order to guarantee his participation. Protapchandra Mozoombar, a representative of the Brahmo Samaj and a member of the Parliament’s selection committee, supported his application. This recognition designated Swami Vivekananda as a representative of the Hindu monastic order.

Vivekananda’s excellent oratory talents enthralled the audience during the Parliament of Religions. William James, a Harvard psychology professor, was deeply moved by Vivekananda’s address and hailed him as a gifted orator and a valuable value to society.

Swami Vivekananda’s journey to the West was interesting marked by his efforts to take part in the Parliament of Religions and his following reputation as a great speaker with a lasting impression on his audience. The audience responded strongly to his message of global spirituality and the harmony of religions, laying the groundwork for the crucial role he would later play in advancing Hinduism and Vedanta in the West.

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