Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Information in English

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was a very important leader in India who fought against British rule. He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India. Gandhi believed in using peaceful ways to bring about change and he inspired many people with his ideas. People still look up to him and his teachings today. He was given the special title of “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.” This book tells us all about Gandhi’s life, from when he was a child, to how he fought for India’s freedom, and how he still influences the world today.

Mahatma Gandhi

Early Life and Education

Gandhi was a person who grew up believing in being humble and doing the right thing. He came from a religious family, and his dad had an important job in their town. His mom also played a big role in teaching him to be a good person. Even though his family had a lot of money and power, Gandhi learned to be kind, honest, and care about people who were treated badly.

Gandhi went to school in Porbandar and then went to learn about law in London, England. While he was there, he learned about different ideas and ways of doing things. This made him think about how to make things fair for everyone and to make sure people are treated well. After he finished studying, he came back to India but had a hard time finding a job as a lawyer.

Mahatma Gandhi – Childhood Life

When Gandhi was a child, he was always moving around and playing. He liked to twist dogs’ ears for fun. He really enjoyed reading stories from India, especially about a guy named Shravana and a king named Harishchandra. These stories really stuck with him and made him think a lot. He believed that being truthful and loving were the most important things, and he learned that from these stories.

Gandhi’s family had a mix of different religious beliefs. His father was Hindu and his mother was also Hindu but followed a different type of Hinduism. His father belonged to a specific caste and his mother followed a tradition that included teachings from different religious texts. Gandhi’s mother was very devoted to her religion and would even go without eating to show her faith. Gandhi was very influenced by his mother’s strong religious beliefs.

When Gandhi was 9 years old, he started going to a school close to his house. He learned basic math, history, the language spoken in his area, and about different places in the world. When he was 11, he went to a bigger school called Alfred High School. He was just an okay student, but he did win some awards. He was quiet and didn’t like playing games. He mostly liked being alone with his books and studying.

Mahatma Gandhi – Marriage Life

In May 1883, when Mohandas was 13 years old, he got married to a girl named Kasturba who was 14 years old. They didn’t choose each other to get married, it was arranged by their families. Because of this, Mohandas had to take a break from school for a year. But later on, he was able to catch up on his studies quickly. Their wedding was a big celebration because Mohandas’ brother and cousin also got married at the same time. Mohandas didn’t really understand what marriage meant at that age, to him it was just a fun day where he got to wear new clothes, eat sweets, and play with his relatives. After getting married, Kasturba had to spend a lot of time at her parents’ house and away from Mohandas, which was a common tradition at that time.

Many years later, Mohandas wrote about feeling very attracted to his young wife. He says he would think about her even when he was at school, and he was always excited to see her when night came. He also felt jealous and possessive when she went to a temple with her friends. He had strong feelings of wanting to be close to her in a romantic way.

In 1885, when Gandhi was a teenager, his father passed away. This made him very sad. Around the same time, Gandhi and his wife had their first baby, but unfortunately, the baby did not live for very long. This also made Gandhi very sad. After that, Gandhi and his wife had four more children, all boys. Their names were Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas.

In November 1887, when Gandhi was 18 years old, he finished high school in Ahmedabad. Then, in January 1888, he started going to college in Bhavnagar State. But he didn’t stay for long and instead went back to his family in Porbandar.

South Africa and the Seeds of Activism:

Gandhi started to become really famous for his peaceful way of fighting against unfairness all around the world. But it all began in a place called South Africa. In 1893, he went there for a job that involved helping with legal stuff for one year. While he was there, he saw that a lot of people were being really mean to Indians, just because of the color of their skin. One time, he was on a train going from Durban to Pretoria, and even though he had a ticket for a nice seat, the train workers made him leave and go to a worse section. This made him realize that something needed to change, and it became a really important moment in his life.

Gandhi didn’t like when people were treated unfairly and didn’t speak up about it. He started a group called the Natal Indian Congress to help Indian people in South Africa. He believed in using peaceful ways to fight against unfair laws, and this influenced other Indian people to do the same.

Satyagraha and the Salt March

When Gandhi went back to India in 1915, he became an important leader in a group called the Indian National Congress. He wanted India to be free from the control of the British. He believed in a way of protesting called satyagraha, which means using truth and peaceful actions to make a difference. In the 1910s, he started to use this kind of protest in places called Champaran and Kheda to fight against unfair rules and policies.

Gandhi wanted India to be free from the control of the British. The British had all the power over making and selling salt, so Gandhi and his friends walked a really long way to the ocean. They made their salt from the water there. This made people all around the world pay attention and showed that peaceful actions together can be really powerful.

Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement:

Gandhi strongly believed in peacefully disobeying unfair laws. In 1930, he started a movement to defy the British government’s unjust rules and taxes. One of the important things he did was a long walk to a village called Dandi to protest against a tax on salt. This showed that peaceful resistance can be very powerful.

During World War II, Gandhi started a movement called Quit India in 1942. He wanted the British to leave India and let them govern themselves. Many people supported this movement, but it also led to a lot of people getting arrested, including Gandhi himself. Even though it was difficult, the Quit India Movement was an important step in India’s fight for freedom and helped them eventually become independent.

Legacy of Nonviolence

Gandhi believed that being kind and peaceful could help people who were being treated unfairly. He thought that if people were good and strong, they could make a big difference. His ideas were important to other movements for fairness, like the one led by Martin Luther King Jr. in America. King learned from Gandhi and used peaceful ways to fight against the unfair treatment of Black people.

Gandhi was a very important person who believed in being peaceful instead of using violence. This idea helped not just in politics, but also in taking care of the environment and making things fair for everyone. He taught people to always search for the truth and peacefully fight for justice, and many people started following his example to make the world a better place.

Religious Harmony and Communal Harmony:

Gandhi believed that all religions are important and should be respected. He wanted people to get along and be friends no matter what religion they followed. He worked hard to bring people from different religions together in India. He even went without eating to show that he was against violence between Hindus and Muslims.

Assassination and Enduring Influence:

Sadly, Mahatma Gandhi’s life ended suddenly on January 30, 1948, because he was killed by someone named Nathuram Godse. Godse was upset because he thought Gandhi was being too nice to Muslims. People all over the world were very sad about Gandhi’s death, but they still remember him as a great leader.

Gandhi was a very important person who taught people about being fair and kind to each other. His ideas still inspire people today to fight for what is right and to make the world a peaceful place. The United Nations even made a special day to celebrate him and his belief in using peaceful ways to make a difference. Gandhi showed us that if we believe in doing what is right, care about others, and never give up on the truth, we can make big changes in the world.

Conclusion

Mahatma Gandhi was a very important person who showed that being peaceful and doing the right thing can make a big difference. He lived in different places and had different experiences that changed him and helped him become a leader. He played a big part in helping India become free from British rule. Gandhi’s way of fighting for what he believed in without violence, like when he led the Salt March and the Quit India movement, still inspires people today to fight for fairness and freedom.

Gandhi was a very important person who helped people in many countries. He taught people to be kind to each other and live simply. We can still learn from him today and try to make the world a better place by being peaceful and fair. Gandhi is like a wise leader who shows us how to be better people.

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