Kalpana Chawla Information in English 

Kalpana Chawla Information in English 

Kalpana Chawla was a very smart woman who loved flying in space. She was born in India but later became an American astronaut. In 1997, she got to go to space for the first time on a special spaceship called the Space Shuttle Columbia. While she was there, she worked with a robotic arm to help with important tasks. She was special because she was the first woman from India to go to space.

Chawla went on a second trip in a special space vehicle called Columbia in 2003. Unfortunately, the trip didn’t end well and the vehicle broke apart when it was coming back to Earth. Chawla was one of the seven people who died in this accident. Even though she wasn’t alive anymore, she was given a special medal from the government to honor her bravery in space. Many places have also been named after her to remember her.

Early life and education

Kalpana Chawla was a woman who was born in a town called Karnal in India. Her family had certain rules and traditions they followed, but she didn’t let that stop her from achieving her dreams. She went to school in Karnal and loved watching airplanes with her dad. After finishing her studies in India, she moved to the United States and got more degrees in engineering. She became a very smart scientist and achieved a PhD in aerospace engineering.[16

Professional Career and NASA Journey:

Kalpana Chawla had a tough time becoming an astronaut. At first, she worked for a company but then got a chance to work at NASA’s Ames Research Center and Overset Methods, Inc. She was really good at what she did and worked really hard. Because of this, NASA noticed her and chose her to be an astronaut in December 1994.

In March 1995, Kalpana joined NASA’s group of astronauts and started training to go to space. She worked really hard and never gave up, even when things were tough. In 1996, she got to go on her first trip to space on a spaceship called the Space Shuttle Columbia. While she was there, she helped with a lot of important scientific experiments.

First space mission of Kalpana Chawl

Chawla went on her first space mission in 1997. She was part of a team of six astronauts who flew on a spaceship called the Space Shuttle Columbia. Chawla was the first woman from India to go to space. While she was up there, she said that your intelligence is what makes you who you are. Chawla traveled a really long distance in space, about 10.67 million kilometers, which is like going around the Earth 252 times. On her first mission, she traveled about 10.4/6.5 million miles in 252 trips around the Earth. She spent more than 15 days and 16 hours in space. During the mission, she had a job to deploy a satellite, but it didn’t work properly. Two other astronauts had to go outside the spaceship to fix it. After the mission, Chawla worked on other space projects in the astronaut office.

Second space mission and death

In the year 2000, Chawla was chosen to go on a space trip with a group of other people. But their trip kept getting postponed because of problems with the spaceship. Finally, in January 2003, they were able to go to space on a mission called STS-107. During their trip, they did lots of different experiments to learn about the Earth, space, and how to keep astronauts safe.

When the Space Shuttle Columbia was going into space, a piece of foam insulation broke off and hit one of its wings. This had happened before on other shuttle launches, but this time it seemed like it might be a bigger problem. However, the people in charge of NASA didn’t want to investigate too much because they didn’t think the astronauts could have fixed the problem even if they knew about it.

When the space shuttle Columbia came back to Earth, it got really damaged and some really hot gases from the atmosphere got inside and broke the wings. This made the spaceship unstable and it broke apart. Because of this accident, they had to stop sending space shuttles into space for more than two years, just like they did after the Challenger accident. They also had to stop building the International Space Station for a while. They had to rely on the Russian space agency to send supplies to the space station for almost two and a half years until they could start sending space shuttles again. They had to wait even longer, almost four and a half years, to start sending astronauts to the space station again.

Chawla passed away on February 1, 2003. She was one of the astronauts on the Space Shuttle Columbia. Unfortunately, the shuttle broke apart while returning to Earth, and Chawla, along with six other crew members, didn’t survive. They were all cremated and their ashes were scattered in a special park, as Chawla had wanted.

Legacy and Contributions:

Kalpana Chawla’s impact is still felt even after she died. She inspires people who want to be scientists, engineers, and space lovers all around the world. Because of her, many scholarships, awards, and schools have been made to help women in STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) to learn and do well.

Chawla was really important in the field of aerospace engineering and she worked really hard to help more girls and women get involved in space exploration. Because of her, lots of people now want to be astronauts and explore space. The Indian government even gives out an award in her name to people who do great things in space exploration.

Conclusion

Kalpana Chawla was a person who came from a small town in India and became an astronaut in space. Her story shows us that if we have dreams and work hard, we can achieve anything. She inspires us to never give up and follow our passions, even when things are difficult. Kalpana’s work in space and her strong determination will always be remembered in history, reminding us that we can always learn and explore new things.

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