Jawaharlal Nehru

Essay On Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru, fondly known as Pandit Nehru, was a remarkable statesman, freedom fighter, and the first Prime Minister of independent India. He was an Allahabad native born on November 14, 1889, from a well-known political family. Motilal Nehru, his father, was a well-known attorney and president of the Indian National Congress. The commitment of Jawaharlal Nehru to the freedom movement in India, together with his inspirational management, was important in determining the future of the country. The life, achievements, and long impact of Jawaharlal Nehru, a leader who made a lasting imprint on history.

Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Early Life

On November 14, 1889, Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad, an Indian city that is now part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. He came from an illustrious background with a long history in politics. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a well-known lawyer and a key supporter of the Indian National Congress, the primary group working to wrest India from British dominion.

Because his family was actively involved in the struggle for India’s independence, Nehru was exposed to nationalist beliefs and the liberation movement early in life. Private tutors provided him with his elementary education at home, and he later attended the Harrow School in England. In order to further his studies, he enrolled in Trinity College in Cambridge, where he studied law.

Nehru was exposed to a variety of Western political philosophies, like as socialism, liberalism, and nationalism, during his time in England, which had an impact on his political viewpoint. But as he became more conscious of his countrymen’s situation under British colonial control, he became increasingly driven to go back to India and take part in the independence movement.

Jawaharlal Nehru became actively involved in the Mahatma Gandhi-led nationalist movement after returning to India in 1912. He actively took part in a number of civil disobedience campaigns and anti-British rallies, which further cemented his status as a respected leader within the Indian National Congress. Eloquence, intelligence, and charm made Nehru popular with the people, especially the young, who looked up to him as a symbol of freedom and independence for India

Freedom Struggle and Leadership 

Nehru became actively involved in Mahatma Gandhi’s liberation fight after returning to India. In the Indian National Congress, he rose to prominence as a key politician who pushed for total independence from British control. Nehru gained the respect and adoration of the general public, especially young people, because of his charming demeanor and eloquence.

Nehru was a leader who participated actively in a number of violent events, demonstrations, and campaigns against British colonial control. Due to his dedication to the cause of freedom, he served time in jail for a number of years. Beyond simply achieving independence, Nehru had a vision for a modern, progressive India that would meet the needs and ambitions of its people.

First Prime Minister’s position

Nehru was appointed as the nation’s first prime minister in 1947, the year India attained independence. A strong devotion to democracy, secularism, and social fairness defined his leadership. He had to deal with several difficulties, such as the work of creating a nation, racial conflicts, and the fusion of princely kingdoms.

His emphasis on education and the creation of a strong public education system was one of Nehru’s greatest legacies. He thought that the way to empower people and create a powerful, independent country was via education.

The non-alignment concept, which guided India away from creating military alliances with any superpower throughout the Cold War, served as the cornerstone of Nehru’s foreign policy. He fought for the rights of other recently independent countries as well as the cause of decolonization.

Role as the First Prime Minister 

When India finally gained independence in 1947, Nehru became the country’s first Prime Minister. His leadership was characterized by a firm commitment to democracy, secularism, and social justice. He faced enormous challenges, including the task of nation-building, communal tensions, and the integration of princely states.

One of Nehru’s most significant contributions was his emphasis on education and the establishment of a robust public education system. He believed that education was the key to empowering individuals and building a strong, self-reliant nation.

Nehru’s foreign policy was marked by the principle of non-alignment, steering India away from forming military alliances with any superpower during the Cold War. He championed the cause of decolonization and advocated for the rights of other newly independent nations.

Nehru’s Legacy and Criticisms 

The legacy of Jawaharlal Nehru is complex and enduring. His ideal portrayal of a socialist, secular, and democratic India helped to define the nation’s early years and lay the groundwork for its development in a number of areas. The foundation of famous scientific institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was made possible by Nehru’s dedication to science and technology.

Nehru’s initiatives, nevertheless, were also criticized. His emphasis on state-led industrialization has drawn criticism from some who claim it has resulted in bureaucratic inefficiencies and sluggish economic progress. He also received criticism for how he handled the Kashmir problem and the 1962 China border conflict.


Jawaharlal Nehru was a visionary leader who significantly influenced the course of the country and was a towering figure in India’s war for independence. His dedication to social justice, democracy, and secularism forever changed India’s identity as a modern nation. Nehru’s initiatives to advance science and education paved the way for India’s future growth and prosperity.

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