Essay On Indian Farmer

Farmers are very important in India and they do a job called farming. Farming is the main job for many people in India. It is important because it helps make food for everyone in the country. However, even though they are very important, they have a lot of problems. Sometimes they don’t have enough money to buy food for themselves and their families, even though they help feed everyone else.

The Indian farmer is a very important person in India who works hard to grow food for the country. They have been doing this for a long time and face many difficulties, but also have moments of success and strength. In this essay, we will learn about the history of Indian farmers, the problems they face today, and how we can make farming better for the future.


Historical Perspectives

To know about farming in India today, we need to look at how it started long ago. People who lived near rivers like the Indus and Ganges did a lot of farming and set up ways to grow crops and share land. Their hard work and clever ideas still influence how farmers in India work today.

When the British came to India, they changed how farming was done. They made farmers grow crops like indigo and opium for money instead of food. They also made farmers pay high taxes on their land, which caused many farmers to suffer and led to famines.

After becoming independent, the government in India focused on giving land to people who didn’t have any, making the countryside better, and improving farming. In the 1960s, there was a big improvement in farming technology called the Green Revolution. It helped grow more crops, but also caused problems like harming the environment, making the soil worse, and making some people own more land than others.

Importance of Farmers

Before the 1970s, India didn’t have enough food and had to buy a lot of it from other countries. But then, our leader Lal Bahadur Shastri found a different way for us to grow our own food. He encouraged our farmers and said a special phrase that means “Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer.” People still remember it today.

After that, India started growing more food, which helped us have enough to eat. We even had extra food to share with other countries.

Farmers play a big role in the country’s economy, but many of them are poor. They work for themselves and rely on farming as their only job.

Contemporary Challenges

Even though Indian farmers are growing more food, they are facing many problems that make it hard for them to make a living. One big problem is the agrarian crisis, which includes farmers owing a lot of money, some of them even taking their own lives, and overall struggles in farming. This crisis shows that there are bigger issues like not having enough resources, unstable markets, and not enough help from the government.

One big problem for Indian farmers is that they don’t always own their land securely. Because of laws and too many people, their land gets divided into smaller pieces, making it hard for them to keep their land and make improvements. This makes it tough for them to break out of poverty and make their farms better.

Indian farmers are struggling because they have to deal with unpredictable prices for their crops, the high costs of farming supplies, and owing money to others. The government policies and changes in the market are making it hard for farmers to make a steady income. Without help from the government or ways to protect themselves from these risks, farmers are getting stuck in situations where they have to sell their crops for less than they’re worth and go into debt, which is making their lives very difficult.

In India, there are problems with how we grow food that are hurting the environment. We use too many chemicals on the plants, which is making the soil and water dirty and causing animals and plants to disappear. The weather is also changing a lot, with strange rain patterns and very hot temperatures, which can make it hard for crops to grow and for people to have enough food to eat.

Contributions to Society

Indian farmers face many difficulties, but they do important work that helps a lot of people. They grow food for billions of people and keep our country’s farming traditions alive. Their hard work helps many other people have jobs in farming, transportation, and selling food. Indian farmers also take care of different kinds of crops and knowledge that are special to our country.

Indian farmers are very important and have been working together to make things better for their communities. They have been fighting for fair treatment, equal opportunities, and changes to make farming better. They have shown that they are strong and can work together to overcome challenges.

The Way Forward

To help Indian farmers and the environment, we need to think about all the problems together and find solutions that work for everything. One important solution is to use farming methods that are good for the land and the climate. We can try things like organic farming and using technology to be more precise in how we grow crops. These methods can help us use less chemicals, protect our natural resources, and be ready for changes in the weather.

We need to help farmers by giving them better support. This means giving them money they can borrow, insurance to protect them, information about how to farm better, and ways to sell what they grow. We also need to give them things like better roads and buildings to store their crops, and ways to water their fields. All of this will help farmers make more money and have a better life.

To help farmers who are struggling, we need to make sure that everyone has a fair chance to own land and have rights to rent it. We also need to protect small farmers and help them get the support they need. It would be good to have groups where farmers can work together and make deals with buyers, so everyone gets a fair share. We should also make sure that farmers get a good price for what they grow, so they can make enough money to keep farming.


The Indian farmer is facing a lot of problems, but they are strong and hopeful. They have been farming for a long time and are always trying new things. It is important for us to recognize and protect the rights of Indian farmers and find ways to help them continue farming in a way that takes care of the earth and can support their families for a long time. By doing this, we can make sure that farming keeps growing and helps the environment too.

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