Mahatma Gandhi

Essay On Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is a big celebration in India that happens on October 2nd. It’s all about celebrating the birthday of a famous person named Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. This celebration is very important in India and is even recognized by the United Nations as a day to promote peace and kindness.

Gandhi Jayanti is a special day that is celebrated on October 2nd each year to remember and honor the birthday of a very important person named Mahatma Gandhi. He was a leader in India who helped his country become free from British rule by using peaceful ways instead of fighting. Gandhi believed in being truthful, not being violent, and peacefully standing up against unfairness. His ideas and actions still inspire people all over the world who want to make things fair and equal for everyone. This essay talks about why Gandhi Jayanti is important and how Mahatma Gandhi’s teachings are still meaningful today.

Mahatma Gandhi

Significance of Gandhi Jayanti

Mahatma Gandhi was a very important person in India’s fight for freedom from British rule. He is called the “father of the nation” because he worked really hard to make India independent. Gandhi came from a family that was in the business of buying and selling things. When he was 24 years old, he went to South Africa to study law. He came back to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress. Because he worked very hard, he became the president of Congress.

Mahatma Gandhi did more than just fight for India’s freedom. He also worked to stop bad things in society like treating some people as untouchable, judging people based on their caste, and treating women as less important. He also tried to help people who didn’t have much money and needed help.

Early Life and Influences

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a person who lived a long time ago in India. He was born on October 2, 1869, in a place called Porbandar. Gandhi came from a family that followed the Hindu religion and they taught him about their culture and how to be a good person. He really liked the ideas of Jainism, which said that it’s important to be peaceful, control yourself, and be kind to everyone, including animals. He also liked a book called The Bhagavad Gita, which talked about how it’s important to do the right thing and be responsible.

Education and Transformation

Gandhi went to England to learn about laws and ideas from the Western world. He read books by Thoreau, Tolstoy, and Ruskin that taught him about fairness and disobeying unfair rules. But it was in South Africa where Gandhi saw people being treated badly because of their race, which made him want to stand up against injustice using peaceful ways.

Philosophy of Nonviolence

Gandhi believed that being kind and not hurting others was really important. He thought that this could make a big difference in making the world a better place. Instead of fighting or being mean to each other, he wanted people to talk and understand each other. He showed how powerful this way of thinking can be in different situations, like when he walked to the ocean to get salt without using violence, or when he encouraged people to stop supporting the British government in India.

Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience

Gandhi believed in using the power of truth and goodness to fight for what is right. He taught people to stand up against unfairness and bad treatment, but without using violence. Instead, he encouraged them to peacefully protest and not help the bad people in charge. This idea helped India become free from being controlled by another country, and it also inspired other movements for equality and freedom, like the one led by Martin Luther King Jr. in America.

Legacy and Impact

Mahatma Gandhi was a very important person who helped India become independent. But his impact didn’t stop there. His ideas and teachings have inspired many people around the world to fight for fairness, equality, and peace. He also believed in living simply and taking care of the Earth. Because of him, people in different areas like politics, education, and economics have been influenced to do good things.

Challenges and Criticisms

Even though Gandhi had a big influence, some people have different opinions about him. Some people don’t agree with his ideas about how to make society better, especially when it comes to treating people equally no matter their background or gender. Some people also don’t think his choices to not have a family, not eat certain foods, and not fight back with violence were good ideas. They think it’s not realistic to always be peaceful when there is a lot of unfairness and harm happening.


Gandhi Jayanti is a special day when we remember a very important person named Mahatma Gandhi. He believed in being truthful, not being violent, and treating everyone fairly. On this day, we think about the things he taught us and try to do good things in our own lives. Gandhi’s teachings remind us that even when things are tough, being kind and telling the truth can help make the world a better place for everyone.

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