Essay On Diwali Festival

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most widely celebrated Hindu festivals in India and around the world. It is a festival that signifies the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. Diwali is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy, and it brings people from different communities and religions together to celebrate the triumph of righteousness. In this essay, we will explore the significance, traditions, and celebrations associated with Diwali.


Significance of Diwali

Diwali holds a deep spiritual significance for Hindus and is associated with various mythological stories and legends. The most popular legend is the return of Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, to their kingdom Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile and their victory over the demon king Ravana. It symbolizes the triumph of good over evil, righteousness over wickedness, and the restoration of dharma (righteousness).

Preparations and Traditions

Diwali, also known as the Festival of Lights, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. Preparations for Diwali begin weeks in advance, with cleaning and decorating homes, exchanging gifts, and buying new clothes. Traditional rituals include lighting oil lamps (diyas) and candles, bursting firecrackers, and offering prayers to deities. People create beautiful rangoli designs at their doorsteps and adorn their homes with colorful decorations. Sweets and delicious food are prepared and shared with family and friends. Diwali signifies the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil. It is a time for families to come together, celebrate, and seek blessings for prosperity and happiness.

Essay On Diwali Festival In Marathi

Celebrations Of Diwali 

Diwali is a five-day festival that commences with Dhanteras, where people worship Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera, the deity of wealth. The second day is known as Choti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdashi, which commemorates Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura. On this day, people light earthen lamps to drive away darkness and evil spirits.

The third day is the main Diwali celebration, which involves puja (prayers) to Goddess Lakshmi, seeking her blessings for wealth and prosperity. People decorate their homes with diyas and lights, burst fireworks, and exchange gifts with friends and family. It is customary to wear new clothes and offer prayers to deities. The night sky is filled with the colorful burst of fireworks, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.

The fourth day is Govardhan Puja, which is associated with Lord Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill to protect villagers from torrential rains. Devotees prepare a variety of vegetarian delicacies and offer them to Lord Krishna. The final day is Bhai Dooj, which celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters perform aarti (rituals) for their brothers’ well-being, and brothers offer gifts in return.

Social and Cultural Impact

Diwali is a festival that unites people from various cultural backgrounds. It transcends religious boundaries and fosters harmony and inclusivity. It brings families and communities together, as people visit each other, exchange greetings, and share festive meals. Diwali also holds economic significance, as it is a time for increased shopping, business transactions, and prosperity for traders.

Environmental Impacts of the Diwali Festival

However, it is advised against burning too many crackers due to environmental pollution, and they are also unsafe due to their toxic content. Children frequently injure themselves while popping crackers. It’s advised to only crack a cracker while an adult is watching. Additionally, it’s ideal to cut back on the amount of crackers you break because it contributes significantly to noise and air pollution. Animals are harmed by noise and get frightened.


Diwali is a joyous festival celebrated by millions around the world. It symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. From lighting diyas to sharing sweets and gifts, Diwali brings people together and spreads happiness. It is a time to cherish traditions, create memories, and embrace the spirit of unity.

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